Scientific Name: Aceros undulatus
The wreathed hornbill is also known as the bar-pouched hornbill due to the dark bar that runs across the bottom half of its throat.
Hornbills are thick-billed birds with typically bright colored bumps, called casques, at the base of its bill.
STATUS: The wreathed hornbill is listed as of Least Concern by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
HABITAT: This bird makes its home in the forests of Southeast Asia.
DIET: The wreathed hornbill’s meal typically consists of fruit but they may also feed on small insects, reptiles, and amphibians.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: This bird is typically black (in the wings, back, and belly) and has a white tail. They have a thick beak that is typically off-white or brown in color. The wreathed hornbill is about 30 to 40 inches in length, with males weighing between four and eight pounds and females between three and six pounds. In addition to this difference in size, the sexes can be differentiated from one another by the color of their neck; in males the neck is yellow while in females the neck is blue. In males, the crest atop their head is red and the neck is white in the areas not designated yellow due to their gender.
The nesting habits for the wreathed hornbill are rather peculiar and are not for those afraid of tight spaces. When nesting, females will be walled into a tree cavity by the male using mud and sticks, leaving only a small hole open for the male to insert food for the female. When the offspring are hatched, the female leaves the cavity and reseals it until the chicks are ready to leave. This method of nesting provides very dutiful protection and camouflage for the young chicks against forest predators looking to make a meal out of the hatchlings.